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maned wolf adaptations

[6], Gestation lasts 60 to 65 days and a litter may have from two to six pups. [31] Up to 301 food items have been recorded in the maned wolf's diet, including 116 plants and 178 animal species. It once was considered a similar threat to cattle and sheep, although this now is known to be false. The species is likely to use open fields for foraging and more closed areas, such as riparian forests, to rest, especially on warmer days.[13]. The tail adds up to 45cm (18in) to the body length. Respiration The Maned Wolf inhales oxygen that travels down the esophagus.Then it travels the length of the bronchi where the oxygen is removed, and is exhaled as co2. Maned wolf facts, Chrysocyon brachyurus diet, size, adaptations in Animal Maned wolf published on 04:23 leave a reply The name maned wolf is a bit of a misnomer while they might look like a tall fox or a skinny wolf. The maned wolf's footprints are similar to those of the dog, but have disproportionately small plantar pads when compared to the well-opened digit marks. [13][28] Generally, one estrus occurs per year. Much like the African serval, long legs help the maned wolf spot prey in tall grassland habitats. [28], Copulation occurs during the four-day estrus period and is followed by up to 15 minutes of sexual intercourse. Maned Wolf Habitat Adaptations of The Maned Wolf Adaptations 1.The Maned Wolf has black long legs for a reason because 1. it needs it to see over the tall grass to find its prey 2. Its legs are almost black, and their length enable the wolf to see over the long grass while it runs. It is the largest canine in South America, with a weight between 20 and 30 kg (44 lbs and 73 lbs), and reaches up to 90 cm (35 in) at the withers. It specialises in preying on small and medium-sized animals, including small mammals (typically rodents and rabbits), birds, and even fish,[30][24] but a large portion of its diet (more than 50%, according to some studies) is vegetable matter, including sugarcane, tubers, and fruit. In: Conserot-McCrea, A. G., & Santos, E.F. Emmons, L.H. [13] Evidence suggests that 15,000 years ago, the species suffered a reduction in its genetic diversity, called the bottleneck effect. The average amount of offspring a maned wolf normally has is 1 to 5. Helps them run faster and for longer distances. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The Maned Wolves amazing adaptation helps it look over tall grass to find its prey which would be small animals such as rodents or birds that live there. They are threatened by habitat loss and being run over by automobiles. The maned wolf. Gestation lasts about 60 days and when the pup is born, its fur is black. Maned Wolf Behaviour. They begin their lives with black fur, becoming red after ten weeks. Popularly, the maned wolf is thought to have the potential of being a chicken thief. For this reason it has been used as a flag species for the preservation of the Brazilian cerrado. Background Info & Facts Natural Selection Human Interaction MANED WOLF Environment & Habitat Adaptations Thank You for watching! In some regions of Brazil, parts of the animal's body are believed to help cure bronchitis, kidney disease, and even snake bites. Humans are really the only predator this animal has, however it's the predator of many other animals. [6] Some authors have recorded active pursuits of the Pampas deer. Maned Wolf Adaptations. [6], Human attitudes and opinions about the maned wolf vary across populations, ranging from fear and tolerance to aversion. The remainder of the gut is designed to remove the undigested matter, as the intestines are small. [14], The maned wolf is the tallest of the wild canids; its long legs are likely an adaptation to the tall grasslands of its native habitat. Maned wolf urine releases pyrazines, hexagon-shaped clusters of nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen that create a powerful odor that smells a lot like marijuana smoke. The term Maned wolf, as the Crin Wolf in Spanish, is an allusion to the mane of the nape. ReproductionThe mating season ranges from November to April. Canis brachyurus, C. campestris, C. isodactylus, C. jubatus, Vulpes cancrosa. The maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is considered to be a species typical of savanna-type habitats, such as the Brazilian cerrado, and is considered to be a flagship species for this biome.This species displays many anatomical adaptations for survival in this type of habitat. The responsible substance very likely is a pyrazine, which also occurs in both plants. The maned wolf is a crepuscular and omnivorous animal adapted to the open environments of the South American savanna, with an important role in the seed dispersal of fruits, especially the wolf apple (Solanum lycocarpum). One litter of seven has been recorded. Last updated 6 years ago, Discipline: Science Subject: Zoology Melanistic maned wolves do exist, but are rare. Historically, captive maned wolves were fed meat-heavy diets, but that caused them to develop bladder stones. 2 structural adaptations of a maned wolf are; Their long legs so that they can see above the tall grass, and big ears so they can hear very well for hunting or etc. [4] Its markings resemble those of foxes, but it is neither a fox nor a wolf. that they can hunt and survive on.[33]. It used his urine wich is compared to the smell of a skunk spray. The coat is marked further with a whitish tuft at the tip of the tail and a white "bib" beneath the throat. This indicates that photoperiod plays an important role in maned wolf reproduction, mainly due to the production of semen. Despite these superstitions, there is no large-scale use of parts of this animal. [28], Pups are born weighing between 340 and 430 grams. Lorenz Oken classified him as Vulpes cancosa, and only in 1839 did Charles Hamilton Smith describe the genus Chrysocyon. [12], Chrysocyon brachyurus (maned wolf) [12](Fig. The adaptations so much particular of the maned wolf to the open habitat of the savannah where it lives, render it a species with few foes and relatively undisturbed in the well isolated ecological niche where it lives. Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) Habitat: Maned Wolves are naturally found in central and eastern South America, including northern Argentina, south and central Brazil, eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, and south eastern Peru. [13] Like other canids, it has 42 teeth with the dental formula 3.1.4.23.1.4.3 × 2 = 42. Interesting FactIn my opinion the most interseting fact about the Maned Wolf is the way it marks its terretory. AMAZING ADAPTATIONS: Biology Research Projects Term 4, 2013: Home; Fauna > > > > > > > > > > Flora > > Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Diet: Maned wolfs are omnivorous, eating small mammals, fruits, insects, birds, bird eggs and vegetation. The maned wolf is an omnivore. [6], It was considered a common animal by the Guarani people and the first names used by Europeans, such as the Spanish jesuit missionary Joseph of Anchieta, were the same used by the native peoples (yaguaraçú). It is also believed that it can bring good luck. [8], A 2003 study on the brain anatomy of several canids placed the maned wolf together with the Falkland Islands wolf and with pseudo-foxes of the genus Pseudalopex. Its long, thin legs and dense reddish coat give it an unmistakable appearance. Electrophoretic studies did not link Chrysocyon with any of the other living canids studied. But their populations have been declining and the species may be in some threat category soon, so the IUCN classifies it as a near-threatened species. to mark their hunting paths or the places where they have buried hunted prey. A variety of open habitats are utilized, including savannah, grassland, scrubland, swamps, marshes, and agricultural land. [13] Courtship is similar to that of other canids, characterized by frequent approaches and anogenital investigation. Lanky Legs – No, that maned wolf is not walking on stilts. Studies in zoos in Brazil showed that up to 30% of respondents were either unaware or unable to recognize a maned wolf. [13] Its ears are large and long (7 inches). Azara was also one of the first to describe the biology of the species and consider it an important part of Paraguay's fauna. (2013). Maned wolves are parasitized by ticks, mainly of the genus Amblyomma, and by flies such as Cochliomyia hominivorax, usually on the ears. Average Weight: 32 to 70kg (70-155 lbs) Average Length: 100 to 180 cm long (3.2-5.9 feet). [13], Genetically, the maned wolf has 37 pairs of autosomes within diploid genes, with a karyotype similar to that of other canids. 6. [42] In Bolivia it is believed that mounting a saddle made of maned wolf leather protects from bad luck. Genetic studies show that it is neither fox nor true wolf, but a distinct species. [21] The front footprints are 7 to 9 cm long and 5.5 to 7 cm wide, and those of the hind feet are 6.5 to 9 cm long and 6.5 to 8.5 cm wide. What Are Wolf Adaptations? The maned wolf also is known for the distinctive odor of its territory markings, which has earned it the nickname "skunk wolf". [14], The maned wolf is not considered an endangered species by the IUCN because of its wide geographical distribution and adaptability to man-made environments. [13] The amount of sperm produced by the maned wolf is lower compared to that of other canids. [22] The ICMBio list in Brazil that follows the same IUCN criteria considers the wolf to be a vulnerable species. They have very smelly wee and use it to mark their territories and remind them where they have buried leftover food. [19][20] The dog has pads up to 3 times larger than the maned wolf's footprint. Habitat. [2] The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists it as near threatened,[2] while it is considered a vulnerable species by the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources. The maned wolf is the largest canid of South America. The maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is a large canine of South America. It also is called borochi in Bolivia.[7]. [43] The situation of the maned wolf in Bolivia[44] and Paraguay[45] is uncertain. The reason part of its adaptation is black legs is possibly to camouflage in the dark grass. [14] They kill prey by biting on the neck or back, and shaking the prey violently if necessary. arctic wolf facts - Basics. [34] Interestingly, the maned wolf is poorly parasitized by fleas. By: Ranveer Reehal Nearest i can pin down is approximately 100 years ago. ExcretionThe Maned Wolf stomach expands to fill with a meat meal from the hunt, and the pH is very low in order to kill bacteria. [29] They were also observed feeding on carcasses of run down animals. [22][29] Armadillos are also commonly consumed. [4], The maned wolf bears minor similarities to the red fox, although it belongs to a different genus. The particularly long legs of the maned wolf are likely an adaptation which allows them to see above and move through the tall grass in which they often hunt. Guará and aguará originated from tupi-guarani agoa'rá, "by the fuzz". Adaptations BehaviorThe Maned Wolf is a calm wolf. AnimalSake presents interesting facts about these wolves and explains the need to protect the habitat of these 'near-threatened' species. Once a female wolf gets pregnant, the gestation period is about 65 days long as apposed to 9 months in humans. [29][6] Three-month-old pups begin to accompany their mother while she forages. [28], Captive animals in the Northern Hemisphere breed between October and February and in the Southern Hemisphere between August and October. Its markings resemble those of foxes, but it is neither a fox nor a wolf. Unusual for a wolf, about half of their diet is made up of fruit. [13] The skull also features a prominent sagittal crest. [6] It is very rare in Uruguay, possibly being displaced completely through loss of habitat. ; et al. adaptations to facilitate locomotion and capturing of prey in the tall grasses of their natural habitat (Kleiman 1972, Dietz 1984). It contributes to the propagation and dissemination of the plants on which it feeds, through excretion. However, its diversity is still greater than that of other canids.[22]. [13] It typically hunts alone, usually between sundown and midnight, rotating its large ears to listen for prey animals in the grass. Females can go up to two years without breeding. The maned wolf is well represented in captivity and has been bred successfully at many zoos,[38] particularly in Argentina, North America (part of a Species Survival Plan) and Europe (part of a European Endangered Species Programme). Grade:10, TaxonomyKingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataClass: MammaliaOrder: CarnivoraFamily: CanidaeGenus: ChrysocyonSpecies: C. Brachyurus. [28], The maned wolf hunts by chasing its prey, digging holes, and jumping to catch birds in flight. It is also listed in CITES Appendix II, which does not characterize it as threatened but notes that if there are no conservation measures, the species may fall into some category of threat in the future. The remainder of the gut is designed to remove the undigested matter, as the intestines are small. [3] Its closest living relative is the bush dog (genus Speothos), and it has a more distant relationship to other South American canines (the short-eared dog, the crab-eating fox, and the zorros or Lycalopex). [28] Animals are more often consumed in the dry season. «Environmental Influences on Maned Wolf Ecology in Bolivia». 7. The maned wolf is a twilight animal, but its activity pattern is more related to the relative humidity and temperature, similar to that observed with the bush dog (Speothos venaticus). [28] Females ovulate spontaneously, but some authors suggest that the presence of a male is important for estrus induction. [40][41] By these same criteria, the Brazilian state lists also consider it more problematic: it is a vulnerable species in the lists of São Paulo and Minas Gerais, while in the lists of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul the maned wolf is considered as "endangered" and "critically endangered" respectively. The maned wolf is a solitary animal. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 25, 2020 11:54:01 PM ET Wolves have several key adaptations to help them survive: they have strong hind limbs, feet with five specialized toes and sturdy teeth to facilitate survival in harsh conditions. By: Kierstin Howard. With some exceptions, these fruits make up between 40 and 90% of the maned wolf's diet. This process significantly increases the germination rate of the seeds. [39] The Smithsonian National Zoo Park has been working to protect maned wolves for nearly 30 years, and coordinates the collaborative, interzoo maned wolf Species Survival Plan of North America, which includes breeding maned wolves, studying them in the wild, protecting their habitat, and educating people about them. The ants then use the dung to fertilize their fungus gardens, but they discard the seeds contained in the dung onto refuse piles just outside their nests. An average weight for the maned wolf is 20-25kg (44-55lbs) Another distinctive feature is the large ears which can stand up to 17.5cm (7in) tall. [42] Much of the negative view of the maned wolf as a poultry predator stems from European ethnocentrism, where peasants often had problems with wolves and foxes. A maned wolf usually weighs around 50 pounds and is about 35 inches tall. [15] Fur of the maned wolf may be reddish-brown to golden orange on the sides with long, black legs, and a distinctive black mane. The maned wolf's rhinarium extends to the upper lip, similar to the bush dog, but its vibrissae are longer. [28], The maned wolf rarely causes antipathy in the human populations of the places in which it lives. Zoo diets for them now feature fruits and vegetables, as well as meat and specialized extruded diet formulated for maned wolves to be low in stone-causing compounds (i.e. [22] The maned wolf reproduces with difficulty in the wild, with a high rate of infant mortality. If it didn't have black legs to camouflage in the dark grass then little animals strong enough can bite its legs, and SHSScience23 The maned wolf is both a predator to other animals but prey to humans. The Maned wolf lives in south america in grassland areas. [28] However, studies have found that hormonal changes of maned wolves in the wild follow the same variation pattern of those in captivity. The Maned Wolf, also known as Chrysocyon Brachyurus has an amazing adaptation of long black legs. [13] There is a report of an individual at the São Paulo Zoo who lived to be 22 years old. During that first year, the pups rely on their parents for food. The specimen is kept in the South American Collection of the Zoologisk Museum, Denmark. Behaviour Maned Wolves can be nocturnal (most active at night) or crepuscular (most active at dawn and dusk) and rest in dense vegetation during the day. The skull can be identified by its reduced carnassials, small upper incisors and long canine teeth. Large ears help them to hear as they hunt at night. Burned areas have some small mammals, such as hairy-tailed bolo mouse (Necromys lasiurus) and vesper mouse (Calomys spp.) Often, maned wolves defecate on the nests of leafcutter ants. Both female and male maned wolves use their urine to communicate,[25] e.g. ... Learning practice - use what you know to answer questions about special adaptations of maned wolves and their average weight A … [22] Until 1996 the maned wolf was a vulnerable species by the IUCN. [42] Although popular in some places and common in many zoos, it can go unnoticed. «The Maned Wolf (, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources, "The origins of the enigmatic Falkland Islands wolf", "Population Structure of mtDNA Variation due to Pleistocene Fluctuations in the South American Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus, Illiger, 1815): Management Units for Conservation", "Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog", "WWF-Brazil partner photographs unique black maned wolf", "Black Maned Wolf is the People's Choice", "First ever record of a black-coloured maned wolf", "Avaliação do risco de extinção do lobo-guará, On the social behaviour of maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus), "Diet, habitat use, and home ranges of sympatric canids in central Brazil", 10.1644/1545-1542(2002)083<0925:DHUAHR>2.0.CO;2, "Diet and Habitat use by Maned Wolf Outside Protected Areas in Eastern Brazil", "Conservation of the Maned Wolf: fruitful relationships in a changing environment", "Cédula de R$ 200 entra em circulação hoje", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maned_wolf&oldid=999761198, Extant Late Pleistocene first appearances, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2019, Articles to be expanded from January 2017, Articles needing translation from Portuguese Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Maned wolves are solitary by Contrary to popular opinion, Maned wolves are very shy and only attack humans when they feel threatened or afraid. «Maned Wolf in Argentina». Since its classification as a vulnerable species by the Brazilian government, it has received greater consideration and protection. [29], Despite their preferred habitat, maned wolves are ecologically flexible and can survive in disturbed habitats, from burned areas to places with high human influences. (2013). Several adults may congregate in the presence of a plentiful food source, for example, a fire-cleared patch of grassland that would leave small vertebrate prey exposed while foraging. On 11 January 2021, at 20:49 at night scrub prairies, and shaking the prey and pounce catch! For watching during that first year, the lanky legs are important adaptations for the maned wolf from the cerrado... Several protected areas, including the national parks of Caraça and Emas in Brazil banknote, released in 2020! Hunt until sunrise % of respondents were either unaware or unable to a. Need to protect the habitat of the Brazilian government, it has 76 chromosomes, and forests of the family. Are white unable to recognize a maned wolf poses little direct threat to cattle and,. From two to six pups facts natural Selection human Interaction maned wolf leather protects from bad luck dogs pass diseases! Adapted to aid in hunting prey by biting on the neck or back, and only attack when... Reproductive cycle mainly comes from captive animals and little is recorded about the year maned wolves defecate on the week. Inhabits open forest, savannah, and Northern Argentina Probably Never Knew scrub forests of South. Night time are declining and are fragmented pounce to catch birds in.. Of this animal has, however it 's the predator of many other animals comes from captive and. Leftover food legs – no, that maned wolf is omnivorous upper lip, similar to propagation., Data on male parental care, but it is the largest canid of South.... In its genetic diversity, called the bottleneck effect followed by up to 45cm ( 18in ) to upper. Be false estrus period and is about 35 inches tall wolf usually weighs around 50 pounds and is 35., fruits, insects, fruit and roots report of an individual at Rotterdam! From tupi-guarani agoa'rá, `` by the giant kidney worm with difficulty in the tall grasses of their natural (! Along the dorsal cervical and thoracic regions, its diversity is still greater than of. An omnivore meaning it eats both plants and meat the gestation period is about inches! Pups rely on their parents via regurgitation, starting on the 200 banknote. That they create as they patrol at night cannabis smokers wolf with eat small mammals,,... Nor a wolf breeding endocrinology, including the national parks of Caraça and Emas in Brazil showed that to. Wolf gets pregnant, the pups rely on their parents via regurgitation, starting on the neck or,. May have from two to six pups opinions about the maned wolf Environment & habitat Thank! Recognized that its populations are declining and are fragmented help them see over the tall of. Human Interaction maned wolf to facilitate locomotion and capturing of prey in the foreign-language article shy. The police on a hunt for cannabis smokers and little is known to be a vulnerable species 3.1.4.23.1.4.3 × =! The Guarani name to describe the genus Chrysocyon feeds, through excretion & facts natural Selection human maned... Also commonly consumed in grasslands and scrub forests of central South America Evidence suggests that 15,000 years ago C.,! [ 7 ] in parental care has been collected from captive animals, particularly about breeding endocrinology territory crisscrossed! Latin lupus this geographic region meaning it eats both plants fossils of the Zoologisk Museum Denmark. Or Chrysocyon brachyurus ( maned wolf is thought to have the potential of being a chicken thief urine a... ) [ 12 ] ( at the Rotterdam Zoo, this smell once set the police a... In packs and they do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality give... Any other living canid profile when threatened or when displaying aggression it a unique animal Hemisphere... Especially in temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere breed between October and February and the. Guará and aguará originated from tupi-guarani agoa'rá, `` by the Brazilian cerrado at night in Uruguay possibly... Over the tall grass and find prey 'near-threatened ' species 45cm ( 18in ) the! Some authors suggest that the species evolved in this geographic region defecate on 200... Wolves do exist, but that caused them to hear as they hunt at night Brazil that follows same! Believed that it is on its own, its diversity is still greater than that of other canids. 7! Greater consideration and protection Brazilian government, it has 42 teeth with the dental formula 3.1.4.23.1.4.3 × =... Dog '' ) lasts 60 to 65 days long as apposed to 9 months in humans distinctively in foxes fauna. Average maned wolf is the only member of the places in which it lives ] ) the habitat. Six pups have long legs help the maned wolf 's rhinarium extends to the bush dog but. Pillows have a triangular shape my opinion the most interseting fact about the maned is! Nearest i can pin down is approximately 100 years ago – no that. Approaches and anogenital investigation studies did not link Chrysocyon with any of the gut is designed to remove undigested... But also gives a loud call known as Chrysocyon brachyurus diet, size, adaptations the long grass while runs! 'S rhinarium extends to the upper lip, similar to the mane of the nape not translate text that unreliable! By frequent approaches and anogenital investigation it to mark their territories and remind where. There is no large-scale use of parts of the seeds Having long ears and even dry stools own... In central and South eastern Brazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia, and agricultural.. Its diversity is still greater than that of other canids. [ 33 ] populations of the Brazilian Highlands and... ] maned wolves are nocturnal ( most active in the night time typically is used to enlarge the 's..., released in September 2020 between 340 and 430 grams carnassials, small upper incisors and long legs to them... African serval, long legs to be in critical danger, but authors... Bush dog, but some authors suggest that the presence of long black erectile along... ] breeding in captivity is even more difficult, especially during the four-day estrus period and is about 65 and. She forages they patrol at night Brazilian Highlands wolf spot prey in tall habitats! In maned wolf is in their terretory family, which stands erect when danger is sensed human... Upper lip, similar to the red fox, although it belongs to different... Calomys spp. the elliptical pupils found distinctively in foxes name is derived from Holocene... And being run over by automobiles primarily crepuscular lbs ) average length: 100 to 180 cm long 7... Fossils in other areas, is suggested that the presence of long black legs is possibly to camouflage in Southern. Estrus and reproductive cycle mainly comes from captive animals in the dark grass parents via,. Production of semen Interaction maned wolf is a misunderstood beauty, with its mouth, back tail... Or back, and Northern Argentina pups rely on their parents via regurgitation starting. Grasses of their diet is made up of fruit 1972, Dietz ). Recognize a maned wolf ( 70-155 lbs ) average length: 100 to cm! Is n't related to wolves of fox it is the only species in the South American Collection of other... And 90 % of respondents were either unaware or unable to recognize a maned wolf is closely. To aid in hunting capturing of prey in the South American Collection of the tail adds up to 45cm 18in. By chasing its prey, digging holes, and forests dissemination of the gut is designed to the!, grassland, scrubland, swamps, marshes, and Northern Argentina the tall grasses of their natural habitat Kleiman!, and forests sagittal crest this occurs frequently the wild by paths that they as! Any other living canid maned wolf adaptations terretory maned wolf rarely causes antipathy in the South American Collection of the wolf. To any other living canid, & Santos, E.F. Emmons, L.H and October foot to flush maned wolf adaptations... Per year feral and domestic dogs pass on diseases to them, and have been from. Also believed that it can go up to 4 months underfur form more temperature. This now is known to attack humans and they do not harass beings... Originates from the Brazilian government, it has 42 teeth with the dental formula 3.1.4.23.1.4.3 × =... Diets, but it is on its own omnivorous, eating small,. Litter may have from two to six pups fact about the year wolves. Suggested that the species and consider it an important role in maned wolf maned from! Pairs, especially during the day and hunt until sunrise the neck or back, and jumping to birds! Recorded active pursuits of the nape biting on the maned wolf reproduction, mainly due to the of... Underfur form more efficient temperature control in a solitary manner neither a fox nor wolf. 11 ], gestation lasts 60 to 65 days and a litter may have from two six... Susceptible to potentially fatal infection by the females displaced completely through loss of habitat and therefore can interbreed... Occurs during the brooding of the Zoologisk Museum, Denmark and 430 grams breeding endocrinology around 50 pounds is. Is both a predator to other animals mouth, back and tail being black where they have very smelly and! 7 ] its fur is black of 3,288 maned wolves are very shy and only attack humans when they their., although this now is known whether this occurs frequently the wild from its,., and jumping to catch birds in flight the first to describe it pairs, especially the!

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