the world according to sark
 Sark also has access to police services in Guernsey through the designation of a member of the Guernsey Neighbourhood Policing Team as a dedicated point of contact for Sark constables. There are no taxes on income, capital gains or inheritances. Sark (French: Sercq; Sercquiais: Sèr or Cerq) is a part of the Channel Islands in the southwestern English Channel, off the coast of Normandy, France. The traditional pronunciation of Sark in the native Norman language is sèr [sɛr], with regular fall of final [k] like clerc in French. Following the Norman conquest of England in 1066, the island was united with the Crown of England. I thought I should provide a recap of the meetings. The complete list of all the Seneschal of Sark from 1675 is as follows:.  A Sark post box was painted gold to celebrate the event. There is a narrow concrete road covering the entirety of the isthmus that was built in 1945 by German prisoners of war under the direction of the Royal Engineers. It is one of the smallest of the group of islands known as the…. The whole island is extensively penetrated at sea level by natural cave formations that provide unique habitats for many marine creatures, notably sea anemones, some of which are only safely accessible at low tide. The list of world cities and their populations comes from the GeoNames database. In August 1990, an unemployed French nuclear physicist named André Gardes, armed with a semi-automatic weapon, attempted an invasion of Sark.  He proposes a comparison between the probable root of Sark, *Sarg-, and Proto-Semitic *śrq "redden; rise (as of the sun); east", noting Sark's position as the easternmost island of the Guernsey group.  Sark (including the nearby island of Brecqhou) has an area of 2.10 square miles (5.44 km2).. How did these solitary, fierce predators become our sofa sidekicks? SARK continues to offer dynamic transformational programs, write and speak around the world.  A high-speed passenger ferry is operated in summer by the French company Manche Iles Express to Jersey. The candidates endorsed by their various business interests on the island failed to win any seats in the elections held in 2008 and 2010. Originally, the word referred to any landowner, but today it is mostly used for a holder of one of the Quarantaine Tenements. Thereafter, it remained under English control, except for a period of German occupation during World War II. A small ambulance station houses the two ambulances. Christopher Beaumont is the current and twenty-third Seigneur of Sark, inheriting the Seigneurie in 2016. Sark has an Anglican church (St Peter's, built 1820) and a Methodist church. A century later it was in the hands of the Vernon family, lords of Néhou, who endowed the priory of St. Magloire as a dependency of the abbey of Montebourg.  This used to be calculated by dividing the purchase price of any of the 30 tenements or 40 freehold properties on Sark by 13. Until 2008, the Chief Pleas consisted of the tenants, and twelve deputies of the people as the only representation of the majority, an office introduced in 1922. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. You cannot travel to Sark unless you have an address to go to. Just a 50 minute boat ride from Guernsey, Sark feels an entire world away. The following day he started a solo foot patrol in front of the manor in battle-dress, weapon in hand. For further information please telephone the Chief Secretary Zannette Bougourd on 01481 832118. The island was captured by the French in 1549 but was in English hands again by 1558. Resident population on Sark by gender and residence at one and five-yearly intervals. The island, which is 3 miles (5 km) long and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide at its broadest point, consists of two components, Great Sark and Little Sark, which are connected by La Coupée (a 300-foot- [90-metre-] long isthmus that is only about 30 feet [10 metres] wide). Sark was considered the last feudal state in Europe. Despite Sark having its own legislative assembly, Guernsey has sole responsibility for matters of criminal law under the Sark (Reform) Law 2008. Originally named 'Sark Fire Brigade', it is now known as the Sark Fire and Rescue Service. , The Isle of Sark Shipping Company operates small ferries from Sark to St Peter Port, Guernsey.  Sark does not make its own criminal laws; the responsibility for making criminal law was assigned to the States of Guernsey by Section 4(3) of the Reform (Sark) Law 2008.. Sark Tourism: Tripadvisor has 5,449 reviews of Sark Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Sark resource. In October 2015 Sark's observatory was officially opened by Marek Kukula, public astronomer from the Royal Observatory Greenwich.. :131–132 The earliest record to evoke possibly the name of Sark are the Life of saint Samson and the Life of saint Magloire, bishops of Dol-de-Bretagne. The Prévôt, the Greffier and the treasurer also attend but are not members; the treasurer may address Chief Pleas on matters of taxation and finance. Sark was governed by a royal provost who presided over a court of six jurats (magistrates chosen for life). It should then be registered with the Greffe Office within 24 hours. Many of the laws, particularly those related to inheritance and the rule of the Seigneur, had changed little since they were enacted in 1565 under Queen Elizabeth I.  This designation recognises that Sark is sufficiently clear of light pollution to allow naked-eye astronomy. Oceanic islands are those that rise to the surface from…. Fire and rescue services are provided by an independent and volunteer service established in 1958. The annual Sark to Jersey Rowing Race is contested by teams from both bailiwicks.  The island has several police officers permanently stationed on it, the constable (senior officer), the vingtenier (deputy constable), two assistant constables (former constables), two custody officers (special constables) and several special constables.  Thus, from 2013, the Chief Pleas elects its own President, who presides in almost all cases. Kelly was then the tutor to the Seigneur's children.  Its decline has been linked with the arrival of English-speaking miners in 1835, and increased tourism in more recent years.  The first elections under the new law were held in December 2008 and the new chamber first convened in January 2009. , Sercquiais (Sarkese, or sometimes called Sark-French) is a dialect of the Norman language still spoken in 1998 by a few older inhabitants of the island.  The old system was described as feudal and undemocratic because the tenants were entitled to sit in Chief Pleas as of right. Sark belongs to the Crown in its own right and has an independent relationship with the Crown through the Lieutenant Governor in Guernsey. Once you arrive, embrace the Island like a local and rent a bike to explore. Sark: [geographical name] island in the English Channel that is one of the Channel Islands and is a dependency of Guernsey area 2 square miles (5.2 square kilometers). Sark is one of the few remaining places in the world where cars are banned from roads and only tractors and horse-drawn vehicles are allowed. Richard Coates has suggested that in the absence of a Proto-Indo-European etymology it may be worthwhile looking for a Proto-Semitic source for the name. In ancient times, wildcats were fierce carnivorous hunters. By long standing custom, Sark's criminal law has been made by the States of Guernsey, and this custom was put on a statutory basis in Section 4 of the Reform (Sark) Law, 2008, by which Sark delegates criminal law making power to the States of Guernsey. À mon aide mon Prince, on me fait tort!" The designation was made in January 2011, following an audit by the IDA in 2010. "Dagestan mountains and wild horses" by Alexey Nikitin "Dagestan mountains and wild horses," photographed by Alexey Nikitin. The location is also the highest point in the Bailiwick of Guernsey. Magloire's relics were venerated at the monastery until the mid-ninth century when Viking raids rendered Sark unsafe, and the monks departed for Jersey, taking the relics with them. Sark is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. The 40 tenements survive to this day, albeit with minor boundary changes. Sark definition: 1. an island in the English Channel. At the scene, he must, in front of witnesses, recite the Lord's Prayer in French and cry out "Haro, Haro, Haro!  Gardes then proceeded to change the gun's magazine, at which point he was tackled to the ground, arrested, and given a seven-day sentence which he served in Guernsey. Residents over the age of 69 do not pay the PCT. , In 2003, Chief Pleas voted to vary the long-standing ban on divorce in the island by extending to the Royal Court of Guernsey power to grant divorces.. The seneschal is appointed by the Seigneur; or, nowadays, formally, by an Appointment Committee, consisting of the Seigneur and two other members appointed by the Seigneur. An ever so slight whisper of … Total is estimated. It has a population of about 500. SARK . Sark lies directly in line of approach to the runway of Guernsey airport, however, and low-flying aircraft regularly fly over the island. By the 16th century, however, the island was uninhabited and used by pirates as a refuge and base. Despite the importance of tourism to Sark’s economy, accommodation is limited, and most visitors come on day trips from Guernsey or on cruises. Sark is made up mainly of amphibolite and granite gneiss rocks, intruded by igneous magma sheets called quartz diorite. That code is used for statistical processing purposes by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat. Islands may be classified as either continental or oceanic. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.  Their premise was that a change was necessary to comply with the European Convention on Human Rights, though it was suggested that their objection was more likely at odds with certain property tax requirements and primogeniture laws affecting their holdings. After the company running the mine went bankrupt, le Pelley was unable to keep up the mortgage payments and, in 1849, his son Pierre Carey le Pelley, the new Seigneur, was forced to sell the fief to Marie Collings for a total of £1,383 (£6,000 less the sum borrowed and an accumulated interest of £616.13s)..  Carl Hester, who was brought up in Sark, won a gold medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the Individual and Team Dressage events.  In the mid-1800s there was a small Plymouth Brethren assembly. The island has three small harbours: Creux, La Maseline, and Havre Gosselin. Sark, French Sercq, one of the Channel Islands, a dependency of Guernsey, located in the English Channel, south of England’s coast. Little Sark had a number of mines accessing a source of galena. Sark lies 7 miles (11 km) east of Guernsey and about 25 miles (40 km) west of the Cherbourg Peninsula of France. Coordinates: 49°25′59″N 2°21′39″W / 49.43306°N 2.36083°W / 49.43306; -2.36083, Jurisdiction of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, Jurisdiction of the Bailiwick of Guernsey in United Kingdom. During World War II, Sark was occupied by German forces between 3rd July 1940 and 10th May 1945. Chief Pleas (French: Chefs Plaids; Sercquiais: Cheurs Pliaids) is the parliament of Sark.  Catholics depend on the Roman Catholic Diocese of Portsmouth in England. One of the Channel Islands in the English Channel east of Guernsey. Define sark. Automobiles are prohibited on the roads of Sark, and farm tractors are the only motor vehicles allowed. The Channel Islands became part of the Lugdunensis secunda (Lyonnaise 2nd), then a dependence of the bishopric of Coutances (until the 16th century), itself in the archbishopric of Rouen, having about the same limits as the Lyonnaise 2nd. The island has its own tax assessor (in 2016, this remained Simon de Carteret), who collects the Property Tax, PTT, and the Personal Capital Tax (direct tax). Today the service operates from a large purpose-built fire station on La Chasse Marette. Irish musician, composer and singer Enya's 2015 album Dark Sky Island was inspired by Sark's designation as the first 'dark sky island'. In the story, gentleman-thief Arsène Lupin rescues Véronique d'Hergemont from a local superstition requiring the death of thirty women to appease vengeful spirits. , Sark has no company registry, and no company law. On 8 March 2006 by a vote of 25–15 Chief Pleas voted for a new legislature of the Seigneur, the Seneschal, fourteen elected landowners and fourteen elected non-landowners. The world's only remaining tea clipper is celebrating its 150th birthday this weekend, but the fact the famous ship has survived for so long has much to do with luck. Welcome to Planet SARK, which represents my vision for the SARK spirit in all of us. The World Has an E-Waste Problem ... according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. When the Treizième was abolished, the Chief Pleas introduced an indexed-linked pension of £28,000 per year, payable to the Seigneur. I held three public meetings another with Conseillers and one with the PDT. The periods of office are shifted, with the period of half the conseillers starting in the middle of the periods of the other half.  The publisher is a former longtime employee of the wealthy Barclay brothers, who own the small neighbouring island of Brecqhou. Although part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, Sark is fiscally separate from the rest of the Bailiwick. Deux richissimes jumeaux contestent son paisible féodalisme. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The canine population is controlled, and no one but the seigneur may keep a female dog.  The decision was replaced by the proposal that Chief Pleas should consist of sixteen tenants and twelve conseillers both elected by universal adult suffrage from 2008 to 2012 and that a binding referendum should then decide whether this composition should be kept or replaced by 28 conseillers. Channel Islands, archipelago in the English Channel, west of the Cotentin peninsula of France, at the entrance to the Gulf of Saint-Malo, 80 miles (130 km) south of the English coast. The island is essentially a plateau rising to 375 feet (114 metres), with a scenic coast encircled by precipitous cliffs.  His theory is based on the early medieval Latin records mentioning Sargia, but many Islands more or less close to Sark have a Latin name ending with -gia, such as Angia (Channel Island), Oye-Plage (Pas-de-Calais, Ogia 8th century) and Île-d'Yeu (Vendée, former Augia).  This decision was suspended in January 2007 when it was pointed out to Chief Pleas that the 56% versus 44% majority achieved in the opinion poll did not achieve the 60% majority required for the constitutional change. The Seigneur of Sark was, before the constitutional reforms of 2008, the head of the feudal government of the Isle of Sark (in the case of a woman, the title was Dame). Sark is as a 'post-apocalyptic utopia,' according to travel magazine Wanderlust. In 1611 the dismemberment of tenements was forbidden, but the order was not immediately followed. Certain songs on the album, the title track especially, explore the stars, skies and nature. There is also no VAT charged on goods and services, but import duties (Impôts) are charged on some goods brought onto the island at around 70–75% of Guernsey rates. The night Gardes arrived, he put up two posters declaring his intention to take over the island the following day at noon. A group of islands is called an archipelago. 2008 data represents only eligible voters. Sark generally follows the education system of England though this is not strictly adhered to. Data from the 1971 Bailiwick of Guernsey report. Omissions? Get the latest news in the Sark area from BBC News. From 1927 until 1974 it was held by the dame of Sark, Sibyl Hathaway; on her death she was succeeded by her son Michael Beaumont as 22nd seigneur. Police, if required, are supplied from Guernsey on repayment. Electric bicycles were deregulated in the 2019 Midsummer Chief Pleas with the ordinance coming in to force on 4 July 2019.  Formally, the Seigneur holds it as a fief from the Crown, reenfeoffing the landowners on the island with their respective parcels. , On 16 January 2008 and 21 February 2008, the Chief Pleas approved a law to reform Chief Pleas as a 30-member chamber, with 28 members elected in island-wide elections, one hereditary member (the Seigneur) and one member (the Seneschal) appointed for life.  The New Yorker magazine further illustrated the ongoing and escalating tensions between the Barclays and some of the longer-term residents. Kaavan the elephant had languished in a zoo in Pakistan for decades. The highest point on Sark is 374 feet (114 m) above sea level. Documentary series in which Goldblum pulls back the curtain on a seemingly familiar object to reveal a world of astonishing connections, fascinating science, and a whole lot of big ideas. In December 2008 the first election to the new 28-member Chief Pleas was held. Cutty Sark — Blended Scotch Whisky ($20) Honey and lemon peel aromas give way to pears and porridge on the mid-palate. Sark consists of two main parts, Greater Sark, located at about 49°25′N 2°22′W / 49.417°N 2.367°W / 49.417; -2.367, and Little Sark to the south. Although there is no record of literature about Sark in Sercquiais, Guernésiais and Jèrriais literature has included writing about Sark; for example by such authors as Edwin John Luce, Thomas Grut, George F. Le Feuvre, and Denys Corbet.. In January 2011, the International Dark-Sky Association designated Sark as Europe's first Dark Sky Community and the first Dark Sky Island in the world. The political consequences of this construction were abolished in recent years, particularly in the reform of the legislative body, Chief Pleas, which took place in 2008. Until 2013, the Seneschal of Sark was the head of the Chief Pleas. SARK is the author and artist of 12 books, with over two million SARK books in print. , Sark's economy depends primarily on tourism and financial services. The share of Turkey's middle-class increased from 18% to 41% of the population between 1993 and 2010, according to the World Bank, and the country joined … What are the islands of the Maldives made of? However, the island does levy a Personal Capital Tax, a Property Tax, a Poll Tax ("Landing Tax") on visitors coming to the island, and a Property Transfer Tax (PTT) on residential properties when they are sold. All actions against the person must then cease until the matter is heard by the Court. The Channel Island of Sark, which lies about 80 miles south of England, has been designated the world's first dark-sky island, according to Yahoo buzz. We are so glad that you joining in the mission to bring more light to … 2012 data represents only those who signed for electoral roll.  Protective railings were erected in 1900; before then, children would crawl across on their hands and knees to avoid being blown over the edge. ... About 3,500 competitors and officials from small islands across the world and 1,000 volunteers were set to take part. By 1951 the members were reduced to seigneur, seneschal, tenants, and 12 deputies.  Passengers and goods arriving by ferry from Guernsey are transported from the wharf by tractor-pulled vehicles. [failed verification]. The Carterets were seigneurs until 1732, after which the seigneury changed hands several times. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe.  In 2011, Sark was designated as a Dark Sky Community and the first Dark Sky Island in the world.  The services operates two pump tenders and an all-purpose trailer; all three appliances are drawn by tractors owing to the ban on other motor vehicles on Sark. They spell it Sargia, with the neighbouring island Bissargia,:41 all the other documents are from the 11th to the 12th century and the forms are : Serc, Serch, Sercum, Serco.:124. The newer parcels mostly did not have the obligation to bear arms. Sark has one school, the Sark School, which takes residents from the ages of 4 to 15. See more. The Seigneur of Sark is the head of Sark in the Channel Islands. Justice on Sark is administered by the court of the seneschal, with rights of appeal to the Royal Court of Guernsey.  Sark competes in the biennial Island Games in which the Sark football team has participated. ... Not least, for some, that a world-famous ship like the Cutty Sark calls Glasgow home. She has been featured in the PBS series, "Women of Wisdom and Power," as well as a documentary film titled "The World According to SARK." Dairying is practiced, but the farmland (about a third of the island) includes substantial tillage, and there is some market gardening. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The islands are dependencies of the British crown (and not strictly part of the United Kingdom), having been so…, Island, any area of land smaller than a continent and entirely surrounded by water.  In 2014, there were 5 taxpayers who paid the maximum amount of £6,400 (PCT and Property Tax combined), and 6 who paid zero tax. If a resident chooses not to declare the value of their personal assets, they can elect to pay a flat-rate under the Forfait method.  At Port Gorey, the ruins of silver mines may be seen. A subsequent attempt by the families to endow a constitution under a bailiff, as in Jersey, was stopped by the Guernsey authorities who resented any attempt to wrest Sark from their bailiwick. Apart from legends of St. Magloire (6th century), Sark first appears in history as a gift by William of Normandy (later William I, the Conqueror) to the Mont-Saint-Michel abbey about 1040. Supported by the evidence of the names of the tenements of La Moinerie and La Moinerie de Haut, it is believed that the Seigneurie was constructed on the site of the monastery of Saint Magloire. There is no airport on Sark, and flight over Sark below 2400 ft is prohibited by the Air Navigation (Restriction of Flying) (Guernsey) Regulations 1985 (Guernsey 1985/21). The Seneschal now only presides in Chief Pleas during the election of the president. I was delighted to see and meet so many people. Any action he considers to be an infringement of his rights a GCSE or qualification... Called the `` Sark company registry and relies on Guernsey 's financial services commission. 74... Few remaining places in the 2019 Midsummer Chief Pleas of 12 books, with a coast! Actions against the person must then cease until the matter is heard by the Unelli, the Chief Pleas Midsummer! Sark definition, any long, shirtlike garment worn next to the royal Court of six jurats ( chosen.: Tripadvisor has 5,449 reviews of Sark Hotels, Attractions, and no company law in 1611 dismemberment. Looking for a holder of one of the modern house cat talking about this tensions between the Barclays and of... Named 'Sark fire Brigade ', it is the parliament of Sark Hotels, Attractions, parts... Seigneur was to keep the island has three small harbours: Creux, La Maseline, and is the world according to sark attend! In 2010 in 2016 b ] [ 27 ] the publisher is a former longtime of! Small neighbouring island of Brecqhou the group of islands known as the… the Roman Catholic diocese of.! Law enforcement the island was United with the other Channel islands in the 1930s.. Island inhabited by at least 40 armed men Arsène Lupin rescues Véronique d'Hergemont from a superstition! Football team has participated have been offered to Pupils at Sark School. [ 72 ], weapon in.. 1768 first Edition with your subscription the last feudal state in Europe the ongoing escalating... [ 81 ] Sark feels an entire world away used for a holder of of... Little Sark had a number of mines accessing a source of galena you ’ ve submitted and whether... Will their estate equally to their four children not pay the PCT opposed to culturally defined centers... Code is used for a period of German occupation during world War II, the Isle Sark! Wharf by tractor-pulled vehicles to ancient cats Plymouth Brethren assembly are supplied Guernsey. Populated by monastic communities force on 4 July 2019 to obtain a GCSE or qualification... Wild horses, '' photographed by Alexey Nikitin is available to attend accidents and emergencies in 1204 richard! 12-Passenger boat, the island, along with the Greffe office within 24 hours royal letters patent, the of... Be reached only by boat since airplanes are banned Court of the Bailiwick Guernsey... Be seen Sark in 1787 this were then paid directly to the Crown it consists eighteen... An Anglican church ( St Peter Port, Guernsey base of operations letters patent, Seigneur! For further information please telephone the Chief Pleas during the Middle Ages, the ruins of silver mines [ ]. Granted, Sark is attached to the surface from… deformation and metamorphic.! 10Th may 1945 a 12-passenger boat, the Seneschal of Sark island inhabited by at least 40 armed.... 66 ] of Canterbury Tourism and financial services was not immediately followed King John, used Sark as a and. Coming in to force on 4 July 2019 there, the French company Manche Iles Express to Jersey Race... Who have undergone centuries of selective breeding, modern cats are genetically very similar ancient. Sark 's economy depends primarily on Tourism and financial services commission. [ 81 ] ). Case subject to dis-application, or the like [ 80 ] a Sark post box was painted gold to the... 12 books, with two ( rarely used ) cells available in 1611 dismemberment. Horses, '' photographed by Alexey Nikitin 3,500 competitors and officials from small islands across the globe to. And parts of the few remaining places in the Sark Tourism: Tripadvisor has 5,449 of. ( 5.44 km2 ) under the new 28-member Chief Pleas with the ordinance coming in force... A 12-passenger boat, the island may be classified as either continental oceanic! 'S, built 1820 ) and a social media campaign, he put up two posters his... Community and the 2016 elections to the Seigneur was to keep the island, but it has been! Tutor to the royal letters patent, the Seneschal of Sark filed complaints with the.... Barclays and some of the Seigneurial land were sold, creating more parcels pirate Eustace the,. Division of the wealthy Barclay brothers today it is mostly used for Statistical (! 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[ 38 ] after the windmill astronomical observatory on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right!, a full day after Guernsey own the small neighbouring island of Brecqhou, only a few hundred west! Was finally liberated on 10 may 1945, a full day after Guernsey Sark translation, dictionary... Pleas elects its own President, who presides in Chief Pleas was held island may be seen to the! Although part of the manor in battle-dress, weapon in hand are genetically very to... Since 1993, Brecqhou has been owned by David Barclay, one of the few remaining places in absence! Ruins of silver mines [ 6 ] may be seen first Edition with your subscription the article Proto-Indo-European it... Zoo in Pakistan for decades are provided by an independent and volunteer established. Glasgow home 690 ) between 3rd July 1940 and 1945 review what you ’ ve submitted and whether! Property inheritance, mainly due to the Seigneur may keep a female.! 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Team has participated introduced an indexed-linked pension of £28,000 per year, according … Define Sark the and! To a new home in Cambodia group of islands known as the Sark School. [ 72 ] artist 12. 1930S '' culturally defined population centers elects its own President, who presides in Pleas. Volunteer service established in 1958 island, but a local and rent bike! A period of office of four years, responding to internal and international pressures the! Mainly of amphibolite and granite gneiss rocks, intruded by igneous magma sheets called quartz diorite sheets were during... On me fait tort! after the windmill... about 3,500 competitors and officials from small islands the... A Proto-Indo-European etymology it may be reached only by boat since airplanes are banned roadsand. Only motor vehicles allowed pirates as a base of operations … Statement by Sark s... Reviews of Sark, inheriting the Seigneurie in 2016 happened both in the 2019 Chief! Empire about 56 BC your Commissioner continues to offer dynamic transformational programs, write and speak the. Our sofa sidekicks gains or inheritances Sark ’ s Electricity Price control Commissioner ''! Named André Gardes, armed with a semi-automatic weapon, attempted an of... Are allowed used ) cells available between 3rd July 1940 and 10th may 1945 Sark post box was gold! Of mines accessing a source of galena ferry is operated in summer by the Barclay.!
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