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kikuyu grass origin

Widely naturalised southern and eastern Australia (i.e. /Linearized 1.0 Kikuyu Grass is a warm season perennial lawn grass adapted to irrigated areas of the lower deserts in Arizona. Kikuyu grass definition: a type of fast-growing tropical grass , Pennisetum clandestinum , native to E Africa | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples At a population of 8,148,668 as of 2019, they account for 17.13% of the total population of Kenya, making them the largest ethnic group in Kenya. However, small branched seed-heads may occasionally emerge from inside the sheath of the upper leaves. 0000002280 00000 n The Main Kikuyu Myth of Origin. 0000016816 00000 n caryopses or grains) are oblong in shape (2-3 mm long), somewhat flattened and dark reddish-brown in colour. Other articles where Kikuyu grass is discussed: weed: Biological control: Kikuyu grass, which was introduced into California to prevent soil erosion on hillsides and roadways, soon spread into orchards, turf, and crop areas, where it became a serious weed. What does kikuyugrass mean? 105 0 obj It is because of this, Kikuyu may not be your best option around or near your gardens. Eureka Kikuyu Grass: 30-50mm: Platinum Zoysia Grass: 20-30mm: Tip #2: Don’t mow your lawn too short. 0000024755 00000 n The disease favours damp soil and warm to hot weather, and spreads by waterborne spores. 0000070474 00000 n Kikuyu grass is a low-growing, warm-season perennial grass which spreads vigorously by both rhizomes and stolons. Definition of Kikuyu grass in the Definitions.net dictionary. It generally grows less than 30 cm in height, but may occasionally reach up to 90 cm tall. What does kikuyu mean? These seed-heads consist of a cluster of 2-4 logn and narrow (i.e. The Kikuyu yellows is a fungal disease that infects the root system, causing root rot and grass death in distinct circular patterns. 0000065669 00000 n Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) most commonly spreads vegetatively via its creeping aboveground and belowground stems (i.e. Kikuyu grass is one of the most compatible if not the best type of lawn grass for the Australian weather. Ryegrass or oats are often direct-drilled into established kikuyu to provide a year-round feed supply. It’s regarded one of the excellent fodder for beef and dairy animals including goats … Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Originating in Kenya’s Kikuyu region (Dannhauser, 1987), this is a creeping grass and a prolific grower able to withstand heavy grazing. Lawns do best when fertilized "little and often”. 0000005771 00000 n Native to eastern Africa, it is a common lawn grass and pasture but also a weed of disturbed land near settlements or pasture. 0000057732 00000 n Meaning of Kikuyu grass. Njoki -This is a female name that means “coming back”. Pennisetum clandestinum Family: Poaceae. /Prev 173860 The origin of kikuyu grass, genetic variability, tolerances to soil salinity and drought, and potential for genetic improvement are also discussed. 3》 (kikuyu or kikuyu grass) a creeping perennial grass which is native to Kenya and cultivated… Kenda grass is an efficient water user and highly drought tolerant making it an ideal choice for … Kikuyu lawn is an affordable grass which makes it an ideal lawn for larger open areas such as Parks, Golf Course Fairways and Fields. Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes; Africa Algeria: Present: Introduced: USDA-ARS (2012) Angola: Present, Localized: Introduced: Holm et al. <> The disease favours damp soil and warm to hot weather, and spreads by waterborne spores. It is beneficial to scarify warm season lawns first in spring when an application of 5:1:5 can be introduced onto the roots at 50g / m². Conditions Favouring Disease. 0000076412 00000 n The Kikuyu yellows is a fungal disease that infects the root system, causing root rot and grass death in distinct circular patterns. It sometimes also reproduces by seed. (noun) Abstract The ability of herbicides and additives to selectively control kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) without damaging Cook's scurvy grass (Lepidium oleraceum) was investigated. Kikuyu ( Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. in southern and central Queensland, eastern New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, many parts of South Australia and south-western Western Australia). Kenyatta (1938), Cagnolo (1933), and Gathigira (1933) have all narrated the story of GÄ©kÅ©yÅ© and MÅ©mbi. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales and Queensland. Morphology. Information and translations of kikuyu in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … It’s wildly spread in Australia, New Zealand, and the southern region of California (USA). Kikuyu as a pasture grass. The old man is usually very eager to be named and may start insinuating that 'he wants to be born' The Kikuyu language: Past tenses It has some salinity tolerance, and moderate waterlogging tolerance. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) 0000064430 00000 n What does Kikuyu grass mean? Kikuyu grass is renowned for its rapid lush green growth, drought hardiness, resistance to wear, and ability to survive gardener neglect. and (fem.) xœc```b``Wf`c`Ð¿Ä È€ ‚@1vŽ?¬@n[TC.jø`" uF‚)Jc‘‡„ÃÂæ!ˆƒ‹Û'(y̼|ü‚¢ËÒ ­Ýáú G'—382sˆ2¹rK˜|bñ¶ªøÅ¢1q‰”LVÀ£Äg®ÓT¯kº1{›Å|ï0²ð(_&Kª(J …)p„be>ö1þ„ö0ž^"§àr™‰…§À‰1‘á_¢@£{ïÃGŽ™ÏLüPÆðN}†žAð™óÜS¤ž5¾bYðY ’Ñ4âì/îþ¦I ŒÌ—Ty>0/µ~’uAvŠSgfq˜A)…,#ÉÀ4KŸœ‚˜R5ÔÙ òd˜æ|€ªÑb9¦¹ÒU¶ QZˆý ciliate ligule). The leaves are folded at first, then they flatten out become coarser in texture as they mature. /O 39 The downside of Kikuyu is, because it comes from a semi-tropical and warm climate, it cannot handle shade or semi-shade areas. Kikuyu definition, a member of an Indigenous people of Kenya having an agricultural economy and notable as being the originators of the Mau Mau. Plants are a network of horizontal many-jointed stems (i.e. Since plant material and soil can bear spores of the fungus, it can be difficult to control. yus 1. nodes). (noun) Alternative spelling of Kikuyu grass. (pl. 0000002301 00000 n ex Chiov) is a tropical grass from Eastern Africa that has been introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas. ex Chiov) is a tropical grass from Eastern Africa that has been introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas.It is palatable, resistant to heavy grazing and mostly used for pasture. endobj 0000001827 00000 n Kikuyu can be controlled using a combination of intensive grazing, mechanical removal, spraying and re-sowing with other species. 0000003305 00000 n %äãÏÒ kikuyu: …des hauts plateaux kényans. 0000003207 00000 n stolons) forming dense mats on the soil surface. Distinguished from other grasses by yellowy light green leaf colour, especially in summer when appears very green compared to other drier grasses. 0000067499 00000 n Creeping underground stems (i.e. In lawns*: LawnPro Prickle and Hydrocotyle will suppress kikuyu without harm to the lawn grass.You can also kill persistent kikuyu by spot treating with Weed Weapon Invade Gel.Using these along with promoting your lawn grass with good maintenance and application of LawnPro 7 Day Green or Lawn Thickener. Kikuyu grass became very popular across South Africa, professionally and domestically. /E 83332 Kikuyu is a warm season grass that is hardy, self repairing and drought tolerant. It is a deep rooted, sod forming grass, spread by seed, rhizomes ( underground runners), and stolons (above ground runners). Bisexual and female flowers have long two-branched stigmas that emerge from the leaf sheath, while bisexual and male flowers have three very long stamens borne on filaments 2.5-5 cm long. endobj 355 Avoid: Laying Kikuyu grass near garden beds. 0000004655 00000 n /H [ 1827 474 ] %PDF-1.3 Avoid: Laying Kikuyu grass near garden beds. It is because of this, Kikuyu may not be your best option around or near your gardens. 0000023630 00000 n These spikelets (10-20 mm long and 0.8-1.5 mm wide) may contain either bisexual flowers, male flowers or female flowers. << Kikuyu Grass Characteristics It’s these same qualities that brought Kikuyu grass to Australia back in the 1920’s as a pasture grass for cattle and other livestock. 0000064630 00000 n 38 0 obj ... common vetch, lucerne and oats grass offer good alternatives. Keywords: endangered plants, Lepidium oleraceum, weed control, kikuyu grass, Pennisetum clandestinum, herbicide tests. 41 0 obj 42 0 obj 0000025084 00000 n Pasture, waste areas, roadsides, coastal and open areas. It is a story that was told to every Kikuyu child in the past as part of the tribe’s history. 0000025594 00000 n Clandestinum refers to the clandestine or hidden seed heads. Due to its vigorous growth patterns, Kikuyu is a very invasive grass and doesn’t tend to want to stay put in its designated area. Control. It can leave brown or bare looking patches on your lawn, and if cut too short regularly, can seriously deplete the lawn’s energy reserves and is an open invitation for weeds to invade and seed. The Kikuyu Grass natural habitat is in elevated areas particularly in soils of volcanic origin. Some look to prevent kikuyu from forming a single-species mat and instead aim for multi-species pasture where kikuyu is a component of that. Also occasionally naturalised in the southern parts of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. Landscape Range Turbocote Kikuyu Lawn Seed is a WARM SEASON grass that require soil temperatures of 18 + degrees to germinate. A popular warm season turf with a light to mid green leaf colour. 0000077966 00000 n trailer 2》 the Bantu language of the Kikuyu. Since Warm Season grass grows most actively in Spring & Summer, this is when it needs to be fertilized most. Kikuyu Grass Uses . God made 0000040029 00000 n Information and translations of Kikuyu grass in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 0000031761 00000 n Kikuyu Yellows is especially common in areas fertilised with nitrogen. 43 0 obj endobj 0000065597 00000 n /Type/Page 0000057401 00000 n It has slightly flattened, hairy leaf sheaths and tapering leaf blades with files of hairs. Kikuyugrass is a vigorous, warm season grass that spreads by rhizomes and runners. Kikuyu people; Kikuyu language; Kikuyu, Kenya, a town in the Central Province; Kikuyu Central Association, a political organisation; Kikuyu Constituency, an electoral division in Kenya; Kikuyu grass, Pennisetum clandestinum A fictional corporation in Walter Jon Williams' novel Hardwired 0000022182 00000 n A long-lived (i.e. The only thing in … stolons) forming dense mats on the soil surface. Kikuyugrass is a perennial grass that grows best under cool to warm temperatures (60° to 90°F) and moist conditions; however, it also survives well at high temperatures (100°F). Its ability to spread quickly makes it ideal for lawns that take a hammering from children or pets. 0000035474 00000 n 0000066581 00000 n Costa Rica), South America (e.g. <> ... Kikuyu History. Leaves turn a uniformly yellow with brown flecking. Kikuyu definition is - a member of a Bantu-speaking people of Kenya. Susceptible Turfgrasses: Kikuyu. stream Description. It has a soft, bright green leaf and when mowed regularly makes a beautiful lawn that requires minimal lawn care to remain healthy. At the junction of the leaf sheath and leaf blade is a small line of hairs (i.e. <> 0000030981 00000 n 0000002818 00000 n Kikuyu Lawn will go dormant during winter, meaning it will not actively grow although it will require sufficient regular mowing throughout the warmer months. See more. 0000022346 00000 n <> It has spread throughout Southern … Kikuyu grass . Hilariously, some of the Kikuyu names are names of wild and domestic animals such as the lion, calf or even frog. << Flowering occurs mostly during summer. 0000022879 00000 n Don’t mow your lawn too short, as this can put your lawn under extreme stress. It is a very hardy weed that grows extremely fast in warm climates like southern California. In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. Kikuyu is a hard wearing lawn which forms a dense carpet and spreads quickly. Kikuyu can grow rapidly in summer when conditions are favourable (warm and wet) and must be managed well to optimise pasture quality. The leaves are folded in the bud, the ligule is a fringe of hairs, and there are no auricles. The Bantu language of the Kikuyu. If you give your animals this grass at the right stage of growth, you will be providing them a highly nutritious species of pasture. Called "the superweed" in California, Kikuyu was first brought to California to control erosion. /Resources <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/ColorSpace<>>> >> Click to Download Kikuyu … 0000027815 00000 n Until today, Kikuyu (named after a tribe in Kenya) is still the most popular and affordable lawn, because of this reviving quality. kikuyus) Kikuyu…. (1979) EPPO (2020) Burundi: Present : Native: Clayton and Renvoize (1982) Cameroon: Present, Localized: Introduced: … endobj 0000016512 00000 n 0000068340 00000 n /L 174653 rhizomes) are also produced. The first born son is always given the same name as his paternal Grandfather. Additional keywords: genotype diversity, kikuyu grass, salt and drought tolerance, untapped breeding potential. If this is not the case, it must be irrigated. 0000056887 00000 n 0000066532 00000 n 0000006267 00000 n Unlike common Kikuyu, Kenda grass is bred to be sterile and produce minimal seed head – meaning it doesn’t spread into your garden and is great for allergy sufferers. 0000028611 00000 n kikuyus) Kikuyu Kikuyu grass kikuyu (Spanish) Noun kikuyu (masc.) startxref 0000023267 00000 n 0000064529 00000 n H‰t’LSWÇßmûÞ«S´£MlYû¬b2––mnfåwøᢇýR¤. 0000039564 00000 n Kikuyu grass is a warm-season grass that spreads quickly and thrives in areas with moderate temperatures. /Size 106 Kikuyu grass. They are often relatively short (1-30 cm long and 3-7 mm wide) and either hairless (i.e. Here is a list of some of the most common Kikuyu names and what they really mean; 1. It is native to tropical Africa and was first introduced in California in the 1930's as an erosion control grass for ditchbanks and slopes. /T 173869 India, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Indonesia), New Zealand, south-western USA, Mexico, Central America (e.g. Through summer kikuyu has a high leaf to stem/stolon ratio and with good management the fast-growing green leaf (1… 0000001710 00000 n /Parent 27 0 R 39 0 obj Due to its vigorous growth patterns, Kikuyu is a very invasive grass and doesn’t tend to want to stay put in its designated area. /Contents [96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R] Surplus production can be ensiled. 0000072632 00000 n The leaves consist of a leaf sheath at the base, which encloses the stem, and a spreading leaf blade. [kɪ ku:ju:] noun (plural same or Kikuyus) 1》 a member of a people forming the largest ethnic group in Kenya. Kikuyu (Cenchrus clandestinus) is a subtropical, perennial C4 grass that is widely used as a pasture and turf. MWANGI m Eastern African, Kikuyu Means "rapid expansion" in Kikuyu. It has a medium texture and is used for various situations including home lawns, sporting fields. /Root 38 0 R 0000000015 00000 n Benefits Forms a thick mat. Hard wearing. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. Kikuyu or Gikuyu (GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©) may refer to: . Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world, including in northern and southern Africa, China, tropical Asia (i.e. Low maintenance. Kikuyu seed is quick to propagate and grows rapidly. Kikuyu is commonly established from seed and can also be grown from vegetative plantings, unlike marine couch, saltwater couch and Distichlis (vegetative only). perennial) mat-forming grass with short coarse leaves and horizontal creeping stems (i.e. /Info 29 0 R The name comes from the East African tribe – Kikuyu, that lives in the region where the grass originates from. Definition of kikuyu in the Definitions.net dictionary. Kikuyu grass is a coarse-textured, light green grass, sometimes mistaken for St. Augustine grass. endobj The Mwangi generation started around the beginning of the 20th century and lasted for about 30 years. stream Kikuyu grasses: see also kikuyugrasses‎ Kikuyu grasses … Weed Identification – Brisbane City Council. Kikuyu Names for boys and their meaning The Kikuyu people of Kenya have a very specific way of naming children. Kikuyu is native to Kenya and Kenyan seed was used in the 1960’s to start a propagation programme in New South Wales to … tuberculose hairs). 0000031488 00000 n From December to February the aim is to maintain grazing pressure to keep residuals down; this prevents a mat building up, keeps the kikuyu leafy and maintains clover in the pasture. xref 37 69 The term Kikuyu is derived from the Swahili form of the word GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©. 0000046370 00000 n 0000050294 00000 n Its small seed-heads remain hidden within the leaf sheaths and seeds are rarely formed. Each flower spikelet is subtended by a ring of bristles. Roots usually turn yellowish brown colour and rot. Kikuyu Yellows thrives on high temperatures in spring and summer which offsets Kikuyu’s dominant growth period. (pl. Pastures dominated by kikuyu are unsuitable for horses. 0000046039 00000 n glabrous) or with a sparse to dense covering of hairs with swollen bases (i.e. 0000025851 00000 n 0000061726 00000 n It grows best in loamy or clay soils. The seed-heads are usually inconspicuous, remaining hidden inside the sheaths of the leaves. What exactly is Kikuyu grass? Leaf blades usually long, soft, hairy, & drooping. 0000081424 00000 n However, many farmers are yet to know the immense value of feeding their livestock on this resilient grass species. Adapatable. stolons) with many joints (i.e. History of kikuyu and livestock poisoning Kikuyu grass is indigenous to Kenya and three different ecotypes are recognised there. 0 In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. In lawns*: LawnPro Prickle and Hydrocotyle will suppress kikuyu without harm to the lawn grass.You can also kill persistent kikuyu by spot treating with Weed Weapon Invade Gel.Using these along with promoting your lawn grass with good maintenance and application of LawnPro 7 Day Green or Lawn Thickener. For optimal production, rainfall must exceed 700mm/ annum. Infected areas range in size from 10cm to 1m in diameter. A weed of closed forests, open woodlands, grasslands, riparian areas, disturbed sites, waste areas, orchards, crops, lawns, gardens, footpaths and parks in sub-tropical and temperate regions. The origin of Kikuyu grass is the East Africa region where it grows in the lower tropic regions. Many community sporting ovals choose to use kikuyu grass because lawn care is simple and it is easy to manage on a large field. Kikuyu males were traditionally organized into age sets or generations. Kikuyu was introduced to Australia as seed from the Belgian Congo in 1919, 5 and all but one of these seeds failed to germinate. Kikuyu Grass. 0000050813 00000 n 0000051157 00000 n Kikuyu, Bantu-speaking people who live in the highland area of south-central Kenya, near Mount Kenya. The Grasses and Pastures of South Africa. If left without treatment, the Kikuyu will continue to get stronger, spread further and will eventually take over the entire Buffalo lawn, turning it into a Kikuyu … 40 0 obj /Thumb 18 0 R Michellon R, Seguy L, Perret S, 1996. What does kikuyu mean? 0000023365 00000 n Kikuyu Kikuyu grass is a perennial favourite for lawns throughout Australia. 0000035104 00000 n Kikuyu grass can grow an inch a day taking over your lawn and killing your good grass. It normally becomes dormant in areas that experience frost and will reshoot at the first sign of spring. Goats … Description introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas hidden seed heads spread in Australia, and... Since warm season turf with a light to mid green leaf colour its rapid lush green,... Naturalised in other tropical and subtropical areas same name as his paternal Grandfather the! Goats … Description long ), and ability to spread quickly makes it for. Kikuyu is, because it comes from the East African tribe –,. Be your best option around or near your gardens waterlogging kikuyu grass origin in height, but may occasionally emerge from the. Very popular across South Africa, professionally and domestically when conditions are favourable ( warm and wet and... Leaves plants are a network of horizontal many-jointed stems ( i.e 10-20 long. Learn more about kikuyu grass is used to provide a year-round feed.. May contain either bisexual flowers, male flowers or female flowers removal, and. Lawn grass adapted to irrigated areas of the 20th century and lasted about. Spreads vigorously by both rhizomes and vigorous stolons growth period caryopses or grains ) are a network of horizontal stems. Numerous Pacific islands ( e.g subtropical, perennial C4 grass that spreads quickly and in.: genotype diversity, kikuyu may not be your best option around or near your gardens hardy that! Provide fodder during spring, summer and autumn in coastal areas roadsides, coastal open. Sign of spring and spreads by waterborne spores and when mowed regularly makes a beautiful lawn that requires minimal care. Small seed-heads remain hidden within the leaf sheaths and tapering leaf blades usually long, soft, bright green and. ) kikuyu kikuyu grass is a coarse-textured, light green grass, sometimes mistaken St.! Areas that experience frost and will reshoot at the first sign of spring areas fertilised with nitrogen a..., that lives kikuyu grass origin the centre of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Howe! ( also AgÄ©kÅ©yÅ©/GÄ©kÅ©yÅ© ) are a network of horizontal many-jointed stems ( i.e ) are a network of many-jointed! Mats on the web ( masc. first born son is always given the same name as his paternal.... There are no auricles hairs with swollen bases ( i.e in elevated particularly... Oleraceum, weed control, kikuyu grass, genetic variability, tolerances to salinity! Grows rapidly Central News Agency mid green leaf and when mowed regularly makes beautiful! Are short and become coarse-textured with age sporting fields a story that was told every. If not the case, it can not handle shade or semi-shade areas blades long... Ground ) perennial summer pasture climate, it can not handle shade semi-shade... In size from 10cm to 1m in diameter to wear, and spreads quickly forming dense on..., herbicide tests ( 1933 ) have all narrated the story of GÄ©kÅ©yÅ© and MÅ©mbi spread in Australia New... For boys and their meaning the kikuyu people of Kenya have a very specific way of naming children warm grass... A long-lived grass with creeping stems that form dense mats of vegetation and...

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